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Cat

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English

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Images:Cat03.jpg
A domestic cat (1.1)

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English {{enm|cat}}, {{enm|catte}}, from Old English {{ang|catt||male cat}} and {{ang|catte||female cat}}, from Template:LL. {{la|cattus||domestic cat}}, from {{la||catta}} (used around 75 Template:C.E. by Martial)[1], from Template:Afa (as in Template:Ber kaddîska 'wildcat'), from Late Egyptian čaute,[2] feminine of čaus 'jungle cat, African wildcat', from earlier Egyptian tešau 'female cat'. Akin to Scots {{sco|cat}}, West Frisian {{fy|kat}}, {{frr|kåt}} and {{frr|kaat}}, Dutch {{nl|kat}}, Danish {{da|kat}}, Norwegian {{no|katt}}, Swedish {{sv|katt}}, {{nds|Katt|Katt}} and {{nds|Katte}}, German {{de|Katze}}, Alemannic German {{gsw|Chatz}}, {{is|köttur}}, Afrikaans {{af|kat}}, French {{fr|chat}}, Norman {{nrf|cat}}, Occitan {{oc|cat}}, Aromanian {{rup|cãtush}}, Basque {{eu|katu}}, Scottish Gaelic {{gd|cat}}, Irish {{ga|cat}}, {{cy|cath}}, Cornish {{kw|kath}}, Russian {{ru|кот}}, Belarusian {{ru|кот}}, Polish {{pl|kot}}, Kashubian {{csb|kòt}}, Lithuanian {{lt|katė}}, Armenian {{hy|կատու}}, Hebrew {{he|חתול}} (khatúl).

Noun

Cat (plural [[Cats#|Cats]])
  1. An animal of the family Felidae:
    • 2011, Karl Kruszelnicki, Brain Food (ISBN 1466828129), page 53:
      Mammals need two genes to make the taste receptor for sugar. Studies in various cats (tigers, cheetahs and domestic cats) showed that one of these genes has mutated and no longer works.
    1. A domesticated subspecies (Felis silvestris catus) of feline animal, commonly kept as a house pet. Template:Defdate
      • Template:RQ:WBsnt IvryGt
        At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
    2. Any similar animal of the family Felidae, which includes lions, tigers, bobcats, etc.
  2. A catfish.
    • 1913, Willa Cather, O Pioneers!, chapter 2:
      She missed the fish diet of her own country, and twice every summer she sent the boys to the river, twenty miles to the southward, to fish for channel cat.
  3. A person.
    1. Lëtzebuergesch: en
      A spiteful or angry woman. Template:Defdate
    2. An enthusiast or player of jazz.
      • 2008, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, "Hold on to Yourself":
        I turn on the radio / There's some cat on the saxophone / Laying down a litany of excuses
    3. Lëtzebuergesch: en
      A person (usually male).
    4. Lëtzebuergesch: en
      A prostitute. Template:Defdate
  4. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    A strong tackle used to hoist an anchor to the cathead of a ship.
  5. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Short form of cat-o'-nine-tails.
    • 1839, testimony by Henry L. Pinckney, recorded in the Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York (Assembly No. 335), page 44:
      .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}}he whipped a black man for disobedience of his orders fifty lashes; and again whipped him with a cat, which he wound with wire, about the same number of stripes;.{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}}he used this cat on one other man, and then destroyed the cat wound with wire.
  6. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Any of a variety of earth-moving machines. (from their manufacturer Caterpillar Inc.)
  7. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    A sturdy merchant sailing vessel (now only in "catboat").
  8. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    The game of "trap and ball" (also called "cat and dog").
    1. The trap of the game of "trap and ball".
  9. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    A vagina, a vulva; the female external genitalia.
    • 1969, Iceberg Slim, Pimp: The Story of My Life (Holloway House Publishing):
      "What the hell, so this broad's got a prematurely-gray cat."
    • 2005, Carolyn Chambers Sanders, Sins & Secrets (Hachette Digital):
      As she came up, she tried to put her cat in his face for some licking.
    • 2007, Franklin White, Money for Good (Simon and Schuster), page 64:
      I had a notion to walk over to her, rip her apron off, sling her housecoat open and put my finger inside her cat to see if she was wet or freshly fucked because the dream I had earlier was beginning to really annoy me.
  10. A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.) with six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position it is placed.
Synonyms
Hyponyms
Derived terms

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also

Verb

Cat (third-person singular simple present [[Cats#|Cats]], present participle [[Cating#|Cating]], simple past and past participle [[Cated#|Cated]])
  1. (Articlesnautical) To hoist (the anchor) by its ring so that it hangs at the cathead.
  2. (Articlesnautical) To flog with a cat-o'-nine-tails.
  3. (Articlesslang) To vomit something.
Translations

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of catamaran.

Noun

Cat (plural [[Cats#|Cats]])
  1. A catamaran.

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of catenate.

Noun

Cat (plural [[Cats#|Cats]])
  1. (Articlescomputing) A program and command in Unix that reads one or more files and directs their content to an output device.

Verb

Cat (third-person singular simple present [[Cats#|Cats]], present participle [[Cating#|Cating]], simple past and past participle [[Cated#|Cated]])
  1. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, computing) To apply the cat command to (one or more files).
  2. (Articlescomputing Articlesslang) To dump large amounts of data on (an unprepared target) usually with no intention of browsing it carefully.

Etymology 4

Possibly a shortened form of [[catastrophic#|catastrophic]].

Adjective

Template:En-adj

  1. (ArticlesIrelandArticles, informal) terrible, disastrous.
    The weather was cat, so they returned home early.
Usage notes

This usage is common in speech but rarely appears in writing.

Etymology 5

Shortened from [[methcathinone#|methcathinone]].

Noun

Cat (uncountable)

  1. Template:Cx A street name of the drug methcathinone.

Etymology 6

Shortened from [[catapult#|catapult]].

Noun

Cat (plural [[Cats#|Cats]])
  1. (ArticlesmilitaryArticles, naval) A catapult.
    a carrier's bow cats

References

  1. Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, s.v. "cat", [html], retrieved on 29 September 2009: [1].
  2. Jean-Paul Savignac, Dictionnaire français-gaulois, s.v. "chat" (Paris: Errance, 2004), 82.

Anagrams


Indonesian

Etymology

From [[cat#|cat]], from {{#invoke:Category handler|main}} {{ Template:Nan/script |[[漆#{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}|漆]]|face=term|lang=nan}} (chhat), from Template:Ltc {{ Template:Ltc/script |[[漆#Template:Ltc|漆]]|face=term|lang=ltc}} (tsit).

Noun

Template:Id-noun

  1. paint Template:Gloss

Irish

Etymology

From Template:Sga {{sga|catt}}, from {{la|cattus}}.

Pronunciation

  • (Munster) [kɑt̪ˠ]
  • (Connacht, Ulster) [kat̪ˠ]
  • (Cois Fharraige) [kʊt̪ˠ] (as if spelled cut)

Noun

Template:Ga-noun

  1. [[cat#|cat]] (domestic feline; member of the Felidae)

Declension

Template:Ga-decl-m1

Derived terms

Template:Der3

Mutation

Template:Ga mut cons

References

Template:Catlangcode


Lojban

Rafsi

Template:Jbo-rafsi

  1. Template:Jbo-rafsi of

Malay

Etymology

From {{#invoke:Category handler|main}} {{ Template:Nan/script |[[漆#{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}|漆]]|face=term|lang=nan}} (chhat), from Template:Ltc {{ Template:Ltc/script |[[漆#Template:Ltc|漆]]|face=term|lang=ltc}} (tsit).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

Cat (Jawi spelling Template:Slink)

  1. paint Template:Gloss

Middle English

Noun

Cat (plural Cats)

  1. [[cat#|cat]] (feline)

Norman

Etymology

From Template:LL. {{la|cattus}}.

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:Nrf-noun

  1. [[cat#|cat]]
    • {{#invoke: fallback|langSwitchfromWiki}} George Métivier, ‘Lamentations de Damaris’:
      Où'est donc qu'j'iron, mé et mes puches / Ma catte, et l'reste de l'écu?
    • 2006, Peggy Collenette, ‘D'la gâche de Guernési’, P'tites Lures Guernésiaises, Cromwell Press 2006, page 20:
      Ils d'visirent pour enne haeure, mais la Louise était pas chagrinaïe au tour sa pâte, pasqué a savait que le cat était à gardaïr la pâte caoude. (They talked for an hour, but Louise was not worried about her dough, because she knew that the cat was keeping the dough warm.)
  2. Lëtzebuergesch: nrf
    Template:Vern (Template:Taxlink)

Derived terms

Template:Catlangcode


Romanian

Etymology

Template:Borrowing.

Noun

Template:Ro-noun

  1. floor (storey)

Declension

Template:Ro-noun-n


Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Template:Sga {{sga|catt}}, from {{la|cattus}}.

Pronunciation

  • /kʰaʰt̪/

Noun

Template:Gd-noun

  1. cat Template:Gloss

Declension

Template:Gd-decl-noun-indef Template:Gd-decl-noun-def

Derived terms

Template:Catlangcode

ar:cat roa-rup:cat ay:cat az:cat bn:cat zh-min-nan:cat bg:cat bs:cat br:cat ca:cat cs:cat cy:cat da:cat de:cat et:cat el:cat es:cat eo:cat eu:cat fa:cat fr:cat fy:cat ga:cat gv:cat gd:cat gl:cat ko:cat hy:cat hi:cat hr:cat io:cat id:cat zu:cat is:cat it:cat jv:cat kn:cat ka:cat kk:cat sw:cat ku:cat lo:cat la:cat lv:cat lb:cat lt:cat li:cat hu:cat mk:cat mg:cat ml:cat mr:cat ms:cat my:cat nah:cat fj:cat nl:cat ja:cat no:cat oc:cat uz:cat km:cat pl:cat pt:cat ro:cat ru:cat sm:cat sa:cat sq:cat si:cat simple:cat sk:cat sl:cat sr:cat sh:cat fi:cat sv:cat tl:cat ta:cat tt:cat te:cat th:cat tg:cat chr:cat tr:cat uk:cat ug:cat vec:cat vi:cat wa:cat zh:cat