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Color

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Contents

English

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Click on labels in the image

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English color, {{enm|colour}}, from Template:Xno {{ Template:Fro/script |[[colur#Template:Fro|colur]]|face=term|lang=fro}}, from Template:Fro {{ Template:Fro/script |[[colour#Template:Fro|colour]]|face=term|lang=fro}}, {{ Template:Fro/script |[[color#Template:Fro|color]]|face=term|lang=fro}}, from [[color#|color]], from Template:Itc-ola {{itc-ola|colos||covering}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*ḱel-||to cover, conceal}}. Akin to Latin {{la|cēlō||I hide, conceal}}, Old English {{ang|helan}} Template:Gloss. Displaced Old English færbu (color), and Middle English blee (color), from Old English {{ang|blēo}}. More at [[blee#|blee]]. Also partially replaced Old English hīw (color) and its descendants, which is less often used in this sense. Compare Dutch {{nl|kleur||color}}, Danish {{da|kulør||color}}, Swedish {{sv|kulör||color}}.

In the US, the spelling color is used to match the spelling of the word's Latin etymon, and to make all derivatives consistent (colorimeter, colorize, colorless, etc). Elsewhere in the English-speaking world, the spelling colour has been retained.

Pronunciation

Noun

Color (plural [[~#|~]]) Template:Tcx
  1. (Articlesuncountable) The spectral composition of visible light
    Humans and birds can perceive color.
  2. (Articlescountable) A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
    Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
  3. (Articlesuncountable) Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and grays).
    He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all color".
  4. (Articlesuncountable) Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
    Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
  5. (Articlesfiguratively) Interest, especially in a selective area.
    a bit of local color
  6. (Articlesheraldry) Any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms, including azure, gules, sable, and vert. Contrast with metal.
  7. (Articlesin the plural) A standard or banner.
    The loss of their colors destroyed the regiment's morale.
  8. (Articlesin the plural) The flag of a nation or team.
    The colors were raised over the new territory.
  9. (Articlesin the plural) Gang insignia.
    Both of the perpetrators were wearing colors.
  10. The system of color television.
    This film is broadcast in color.
  11. (Articlesin the plural) An award for sporting achievement, particularly within a school or university.
    He was awarded colors for his football.
  12. (ArticlesmilitaryArticles, in the plural) The morning ceremony of raising the flag.
  13. In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analysts.
    Could you give me some color with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
  14. (Articles
36px Subject classification: this is a physics resource .
) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
  1. (Articlestypography) The relative lightness or darkness of a mass of written or printed text on a page.
  2. (Articlessnooker) Any of the colored balls excluding the reds.
  3. A front or facade: an ostensible truth actually false.
  4. An appearance of right or authority.
    Under color of law, he managed to bilk taxpayers of millions of dollars.
  5. (Articles
36px Subject classification: this is a medicine resource.
) Skin color noted as: normal, jaundiced, cyanotic, flush, mottled, pale, or ashen as part of the skin signs assessment.

Usage notes

The late Template:Xno colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by Dr. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Template:Xno spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onward, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard US spelling.

In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions. In New Zealand, -our endings are the standard.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Template:Der-top

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Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective

Template:En-adj (US)

  1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
    Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.

Translations

Verb

Color (third-person singular simple present [[Colors#|Colors]], present participle [[Coloring#|Coloring]], simple past and past participle [[Colored#|Colored]]) (US)
  1. To give something color.
    We could color the walls red.
  2. (Articlesintransitive) To apply colors to the areas within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
    My kindergartener loves to color.
  3. (Articlesof a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
    Her face colored as she realized her mistake.
  4. To affect without completely changing.
    That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
  5. (Articlesinformal) To attribute a quality to.
    Color me confused.
  6. (Articles
36px Subject classification: this is a mathematics resource .
) To assign colors to the vertices of (a graph) or the regions of (a map) so that no two adjacent ones have the same color.
  1. Can this graph be two-colored?
    You can color any map with four colors.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

Template:Table:colors/en

External links


Asturian

Etymology

From {{la|color|color, colōrem}}.

Noun

Template:Ast-noun

  1. color, colour

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Provençal {{pro|color}}, from [[color#|color, colōrem]].

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:Ca-noun

  1. [[color#|color]], [[colour#|colour]]

See also

Template:Table:colors/ca


Italian

Noun

Color {{[[Modèle:|]]|}} (invariable)

  1. Template:Apocopic form of

Anagrams


Latin

Etymology

From Template:Itc-ola {{itc-ola|colos}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*ḱel-||to hide, conceal}}.

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:La-noun

  1. (US) color, (UK) colour; shade
  2. pigment
  3. complexion
  4. outward appearance

Inflection

Template:La-decl-3rd

Derived terms

Descendants

Template:Rel-top

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Occitan

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Provençal {{pro|color}}, from [[color#|color, colōrem]].

Noun

Template:Oc-noun

  1. [[color#|color]]

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From {{la|color|color, colōrem|color or colour}}

Noun

Template:Fro-noun

  1. [[color#|color]], colour

Descendants


Old Portuguese

Noun

Template:Roa-opt-noun

  1. Template:Alternative form of

Descendants

See also

Template:Table:colors/roa-opt


Old Provençal

Etymology

From [[color#|color, colōrem]]

Noun

Template:Pro-noun

  1. [[color#|color]], colour

Descendants


Spanish

Picture dictionary
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Click on labels in the image

 Wikipedia has an article on:
Color
Wikipedia es

Etymology

From {{la|colōre}}, singular ablative of [[color#|color]].

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:Es-noun

  1. color, colour, hue
  2. rouge Template:Gloss
  3. pretext, motive, reason
  4. character
  5. side, party, faction
  6. race, ethnicity
  7. Template:Gloss flush

Related terms

See also

Template:Table:colors/es

Anagrams

ay:color az:color ca:color cs:color da:color de:color dv:color et:color el:color es:color eo:color eu:color fr:color fy:color ko:color hy:color io:color id:color ia:color ie:color it:color kk:color ku:color ky:color lo:color la:color lv:color lb:color lt:color li:color jbo:color hu:color mg:color ml:color my:color nah:color na:color nl:color ja:color no:color oc:color uz:color nds:color pl:color pt:color ro:color ru:color sm:color tn:color simple:color sh:color fi:color sv:color ta:color te:color th:color tg:color chr:color tr:color uk:color vi:color zh:color

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