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Dog

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Contents

English

Wikipedia

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Middle English {{enm|dogge}}, from Old English {{ang|docga||hound, powerful breed of dog}}, a pet-form diminutive of Old English {{ang|*docce||muscle}} (found in compound {{ang|fingerdocce||finger-muscle}} with suffix {{ang|-ga}} (compare {{ang|frocga||frog}}, {{ang|picga||pig}}). Cognate with Scots {{sco|dug||dog}}. The true origin is unknown, but one possibility is from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*dukkǭ||power, strength, muscle}}, though this may just be confusion with dock. In the 16th century, it superseded Old English {{ang|hund}} and was adopted by several continental European languages.[1]

Noun

Dog (plural [[Dogs#|Dogs]])
  1. A mammal, Canis lupus familiaris, that has been domesticated for thousands of years, of highly variable appearance due to human breeding.
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  2. A male dog, wolf or fox, as opposed to a bitch (often attributive).
    • 1928, Siegfried Sassoon, Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, Penguin 2013, page 149:
      Firstly, he was there to encourage and assist the hounds (a scratch pack – mostly dog-hounds drafted from fox-hound kennels because they were over-sized) […].
  3. (Articlesderogatory) A dull, unattractive girl or woman.
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  4. (Articlesslang) A man (derived from definition 2).
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  5. (ArticlesslangArticles, derogatory) A coward.
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  6. (Articlesderogatory) Someone who is morally reprehensible.
    • Bible, 2 Kings viii. 13 (Rev. Ver.)
      What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he should do this great thing?
    • 1599, Robert Greene, Alphonsus, King of Aragon (1599). Act 3.
      Blasphemous dog, I wonder that the earth / Doth cease from renting vnderneath thy feete, / To swallow vp those cankred corpes of thine.
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  7. Any of various mechanical devices for holding, gripping, or fastening something, particularly with a tooth-like projection.
  8. Template:Rfc-def A click or pallet adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet-wheel, to restrain the back action; a click or pawl. (See also: ratchet, windlass)
  9. A metal support for logs in a fireplace.
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  10. A hot dog.
  11. (Articlespoker Articlesslang) Underdog
  12. (ArticlesslangArticles, almost always Articlesin the plural) feet.
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Synonyms

Coordinate terms

Hyponyms

Hypernyms

Derived terms

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Descendants

Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Dog (third-person singular simple present [[Dogs#|Dogs]], present participle [[Doging#|Doging]], simple past and past participle [[Doged#|Doged]])
  1. (Articlestransitive) To pursue with the intent to catch.
  2. (Articlestransitive) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by.
    The woman cursed him so that trouble would dog his every step.
  3. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, nautical) To fasten a hatch securely.
    It is very important to dog down these hatches...
  4. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, emerging usage in ArticlesUK) To watch, or participate, in sexual activity in a public place.
    I admit that I like to dog at my local country park.
  5. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, transitive) To intentionally restrict one's productivity as employee; to work at the slowest rate that goes unpunished.
    A surprise inspection of the night shift found that some workers were dogging it.
  6. Template:Rfv-sense (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, with up) To position oneself on all fours, after the manner of a dog.
    I'd ask why you're dogged up in the middle of the room, but I probably don't want to know...

Synonyms

Translations

Anagrams

See also

References

  1. Template:R:Online Etymology Dictionary

Afrikaans

Verb

Template:Af-verb

  1. Template:Alternative form of

Danish

Conjunction

Dog

  1. though

Kriol

Etymology

From {{en|dog}}.

Noun

{{ Template:Rop/script |Dog|face=head|lang=rop}}

  1. [[dog#|dog]]

Mbabaram

Etymology

From {{vmb|*dwog(a)}}, from {{vmb|*udwoga}}, from {{vmb|*gudwaga}}, from Template:Proto:aus-pam-pro {{aus-pam-pro|*gudaga}}. Related to Template:Dbl {{dbl|guda}}, Template:Yii {{yii|gudaga}}. (Note that, despite the similarities, this word is not related to English dog.)[1]

Noun

{{ Template:Vmb/script |Dog|face=head|lang=vmb}}

  1. [[dog#|dog]]

References

  1. Language Hat, excerpting Dixon's Memoirs of a Field Worker

Swedish

Verb

Dog

  1. Template:Sv-verb-form-past

Torres Strait Creole

Etymology

From {{en|dog}}.

Noun

{{ Template:Tcs/script |Dog|face=head|lang=tcs}}

  1. dog

Volapük

Pronunciation

  • [doɡ]

Noun

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  1. (male or female) [[dog#|dog]]

Declension

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Derived terms

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Related terms

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