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Fruit

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English

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Etymology

(1125–75) Middle English {{enm|fruit}}, {{enm|frut||fruits and vegetables}}, from Template:Fro {{fro|fruit}}, from {{la|fructus||enjoyment, proceeds, profits, produce, income}}, a derivative of {{la|frui||to have the benefit of, to use, to enjoy}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*bhrug-||to make use of, to have enjoyment of}}; cognate with Modern {{de|brauchen||to use}}, {{en|brook||to tolerate}}. Displaced native Middle English {{enm|ovet||fruit}} (from Old English {{ang|ofett||fruit}}; > {{en|ovest||mast, nuts, acorns}}), Middle English {{enm|wastum|wastum, wastom|fruit, growth}} (from Old English {{ang|wæstm||growth, produce, increase, fruit}}), and Middle English {{enm|blede||fruit, flower, offspring}} (from Old English {{ang|blēd||fruit, flower}}).
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Pronunciation

Noun

Fruit (plural [[~#|~]]) (see Usage notes for discussion of plural)
  1. (Articlesbotany) The seed-bearing part of a plant, often edible, colourful/colorful and fragrant, produced from a floral ovary after fertilization.
    While cucumber is technically a fruit, one would not usually use it to make jam.
  2. Any sweet, edible part of a plant that resembles seed-bearing fruit, even if it does not develop from a floral ovary; also used in a technically imprecise sense for some sweet or sweetish vegetables, such as rhubarb, that resemble a true fruit or are used in cookery as if they were a fruit.
    Fruit salad is a simple way of making fruits into a dessert.
  3. An end result, effect, or consequence; advantageous or disadvantageous result.
    His long nights in the office eventually bore fruit when his business boomed and he was given a raise.
    • Shakespeare
      the fruit of rashness
    • Bible, Isaiah iii. 10
      They shall eat the fruit of their doings.
    • Macaulay
      The fruits of this education became visible.
  4. Offspring from a sexual union.
    The litter was the fruit of the union between our whippet and their terrier.
    • Shakespeare
      King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English crown
  5. (ArticlescolloquialArticles, derogatory) A homosexual or effeminate man.

Usage notes

  • In the botanical and figurative senses, fruit is usually treated as uncountable:
    a bowl of fruit; eat plenty of fruit; the tree provides fruit.
  • [[fruits#|fruits]] is also sometimes used as the plural in the botanical sense:
    berries, achenes, and nuts are all fruits; the fruits of this plant split into two parts.
  • When fruit is treated as uncountable in the botanical sense, a piece of fruit is often used as a singulative.
  • In senses other than the botanical or figurative ones derived from the botanical sense, the plural is [[fruits#|fruits]].
  • The culinary sense often does not cover true fruits that are savoury or used chiefly in savoury foods, such as tomatoes and peas. These are normally described simply as vegetables.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Fruit (third-person singular simple present [[Fruits#|Fruits]], present participle [[Fruiting#|Fruiting]], simple past and past participle [[Fruited#|Fruited]])
  1. To produce fruit, seeds, or spores.

Translations

See also

External links


Catalan

Wikipedia ca

Etymology

From Old Provençal, from {{la|fructus}}.

Noun

Template:Ca-noun

  1. fruit

Dutch

Etymology

From Template:Inh, {{dum|froyt}}, from Template:Fro {{fro|fruit}}.

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:Nl-noun

  1. fruit (produced by trees or bushes, or any sweet vegetable)

Synonyms

Derived terms


French

Etymology

From Template:Fro {{fro|fruit}}, from {{la|fructus||enjoyment, proceeds, profits, produce, income}}, a derivative of {{la|frui||to have the benefit of, to use, to enjoy}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*bhrug-||to make use of, to have enjoyment of}}.

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:Fr-noun

  1. fruit

Derived terms

External links


Old French

Etymology

From {{la|fructus}}.

Pronunciation

  • /frɥit/

Noun

Template:Fro-noun

  1. [[fruit#|fruit]]

Descendants

ar:fruit an:fruit az:fruit zh-min-nan:fruit ca:fruit cs:fruit cy:fruit da:fruit de:fruit et:fruit el:fruit es:fruit eo:fruit eu:fruit fa:fruit fr:fruit ga:fruit gv:fruit gl:fruit ko:fruit hy:fruit hr:fruit io:fruit id:fruit it:fruit kn:fruit kk:fruit kw:fruit sw:fruit ku:fruit lo:fruit lv:fruit lt:fruit li:fruit hu:fruit mg:fruit ml:fruit my:fruit fj:fruit nl:fruit ja:fruit no:fruit oc:fruit om:fruit uz:fruit nds:fruit pl:fruit pt:fruit ro:fruit ru:fruit sm:fruit sq:fruit simple:fruit sk:fruit sr:fruit fi:fruit sv:fruit ta:fruit te:fruit th:fruit tg:fruit chr:fruit tr:fruit uk:fruit vi:fruit wa:fruit zh:fruit